The Melting Points of Metals

Introduction

Do you work in the metal industry? Steel cutting, welding, or stamping have to go through various phases of metal processing. Therefore, understanding the melting point of steel demonstrates how you can exactly perform your work. Or sometimes, what heating temperature or tools do you need to dress up your work? It is not just the melt temp of steel that is necessary. Instead, various metals such as aluminum, iron, copper, or brass are crucial in the metal industry. We have compiled a complete list of melting points of metals. 

What is the melting point? 

What is the melting point

Metal melting point is a specific threshold temperature at which your metals transform into liquid. Whenever you cross the upper limit of temperatures, the metal starts converting into liquid. 

 

Guess why it even happens? The temperature has enough energy to break the powerful bonds between the solid molecules and convert them into liquids. 

 

Whatever solid material you observe has a specific range of melting points. Some would have higher melting points, while others have low melting points. 

Why is it necessary to know the melting points? 

Why is it necessary to know the melting points

Knowing the melting points is crucial for several reasons. These include: 

 

  • Alloys

 

Alloy manufacturing is an essential job in the industry. Whenever you need to make some alloys, melting points come on top. You must know what metal is suitable and what tools you need. 

 

  • Metal Casting

 

In Metal casting, you have two different types of metal. One is the metal itself, and the other is the casting equipment. The casting equipment must have a high melting. Otherwise, it will melt and will be of no use. At such a point, the melting point is a game changer. 

  • Metal Applications

 

Some industries require the use of high melting point metals. For example, aircraft or heavy engines must rely on high melting point metals. Even the electrical industry uses tungsten metal, which has the highest melting points. 

 

What factors change the metal melting point? 

 

Metal melting point relies on a variety of factors. We have listed some key factors that influence the melting points. 

 

  • Pressure

 

Pressure can turn the tides either way—for instance, a high-pressure application increases the melting temperature. If you wonder what happens with low pressure, it will create a gap between the molecules and lead to easy breakage whenever you apply the heat. 

 

Therefore, pressure can change the game of meta melting point. 

  • Bonds

What types of bonds do your molecules have? A stronger bond between the metal alloys is also crucial. It shows how easy it is to break the link between the molecules. 

 

An ionic bond is relatively more robust than a covalent bond. Therefore, all the metal alloys with ionic bonds have high melting points. 

  • Impurity

 

A pure metal has a high melting point. On the other hand, an impure melt temperature of steel would be lower. 

 

Whenever experts have to reduce the melting temp of steel, they add impurities and get their job done! 

 

Why do some metals have a higher melting point than others? 

 

It depends on the bonds between the metals and the gaps between the molecules. The tight lattice structure increases the melt point of stainless steel.

 

  • Lowest melting point

 

Do you know the metal with the lowest melting point? It is none other than mercury. Its melting temperature is -39°C. Therefore, it is liquid at room temperature. 

  • Highest melting point

 

The highest melting point is of the tungsten metal. It melts when the temperature reaches 3,399°C. 

 

Melting points of 10 Metals you should know!

Melting points of 10 Metals

Many metals are not available at the store. Some popular household metals are copper in wires and plumbing, iron, or stainless steel. 

 

However, we have listed ten commonly used metals in the industry and added their melting points. Check them out! 

1. Melt point of steel

Who doesn’t know the uses of steel? From kitchen utensils to the construction industry, steel has achieved milestones. Moreover, there are many alloys of steel. 

 

Its melting point ranges from 1371°C to 1540°C. But it doesn’t end here because steel is available in various alloy forms. One of the most popular alloys is stainless steel, famous for its strength. Therefore, know about its multiple alloys. 

 

2. Aluminum metal melting point

 

Aluminum is one of the most fascinating metals used widely in the industry. From aluminum window frames to the aerospace industry, it has gained popularity all around. 

 

It is famous for its low melting point compared to other metals. Aluminum melting temp reaches whenever you cross 660 degrees Celsius. It melts at this temperature. 

 

3. Copper metal melting point

 

Copper metal is prevalent for its use in the electrical industry. Thanks to its electrical conductivity, it offers excellent conduction to the wires. 

 

The extended use of copper in electrical systems also owes to its high melting points. It doesn’t let the wires catch fire or melt with the temperature rise. The melting point of the copper is 1084 degrees Celsius

 

4. Lead melt point

 

Compared to other metals, lead has a low melting point of 328 degrees Celsius. You can find its applications in lead batteries and cable sheathing. 

 

5. Brass melt point

Brass is also an alloy of copper and zinc. Moreover, you can find many brass types, such as red or yellow. Its use is in the musical instruments to produce exquisite tones that are excellent for your nerves. 

 

Brass has a higher melting point, up to 930 degrees Celsius. It affects the performance of the musical instruments. 

 

6. Iron melt point

Iron is everywhere. Almost all tools involve some tron. It is because of its high melting temperature that it offers strength and effortless work in various metals. 

 

Whenever you consider the iron melting point, you must define whether you are asking about wrought iron or cast iron. However, the melting threshold is 1204 degrees Celsius. That means all the metal alloys or iron types melt whenever this temperature is reached. 

7. The melting point of tungsten

Tungsten has the highest melting temperature. You can find its use in electrical applications such as tungsten bulbs and innovative applications. The melting temp is 3399 degrees Celsius

 

8. The melting point of titanium

Titanium is a robust metal and withstands high temperatures. Its melting point is 1670 degrees Celsius, making it suitable for missiles or aircraft. 

 

9. Melt point of stainless steel

 

Stainless steel is a steel alloy with various additional features. You get corrosion resistance to keep it safe whenever you soak it up in the water. Iron, chromium, and nickel make up the stainless steel. 

 

It has a high melting temperature up to 1510 degrees Celsius

10. Gold melting point

 

Gold is available in the following stores. It has a pretty high melting point if you are considering the best opportunity to use it. 

 

Gold’s melting temperature is 1063 degrees Celsius

 

Complete list of all metals’ melting points

 

Metal Melting Point
Celsius Temperature (°C) Fahrenheit (°F) Kelvin
Mercury -39 -38 234
Phosphorus 44 111 317
Potassium 63 145 336
Sodium 98 208 371
Solder 50-50 215 419 488
Selenium 217 423 490
Tin 232 449 505
Babbitt 249 480 522
Bismuth 272 521 545
Cadmium 321 610 594
Lead 328 621 600
Magnesium Alloys 349 – 649 660 – 1200 622 – 922
Zinc 420 787 693
Aluminium Alloys 463 – 671 865 – 1240 736 – 944
Aluminium Bronze 600 – 655 1190 – 1215 916 – 930
Antimony 630 1166 903
Plutonium 640 1184 913
Magnesium 650 1200 922
Aluminum (Pure) 660 1220 933
Beryllium Copper 865 – 955 1587 – 1750 1137 – 1228
Manganese Bronze 865 – 890 1590 – 1630 1139 – 1161
Coin Silver 879 1614 1152
Sterling Silver 893 1640 1166
Admiralty Brass 900 – 940 1650 – 1720 1172 – 1211
Yellow Brass 905 – 932 1660 – 1710 1178 – 1205
Bronze 913 1675 1186
Silver (Pure) 961 1761 1234
Red Brass 990 – 1025 1810 – 1880 1261 – 1300
Gold 1063 1945 1330
Copper 1084 1983 1357
Cast Iron 1127 – 1204 2060 – 2200 1400 – 1478
Uranium 1132 2070 1405
Ductile Iron 1149 2100 1422
Cupronickel 1170 – 1240 2138 – 2264 1443 – 1513
Manganese 1244 2271 1517
Beryllium 1285 2345 1558
Monel 1300 – 1350 2370 – 2460 1572 – 1622
Hastelloy 1320 – 1350 2410 – 2460 1594 – 1622
Carbon Steel 1371 – 1540 2500 – 2800 1644 – 1811
Inconel 1390 – 1425 2540 – 2600 1666 – 1700
Incoloy 1390 – 1425 2540 – 2600 1666 – 1700
Silicon 1411 2572 1684
Nickel 1453 2647 1726
Wrought Iron 1482 – 1593 2700 – 2900 1755 – 1866
Cobalt 1495 2723 1768
Stainless Steel 1510 2750 1783
Palladium 1555 2831 1828
Titanium 1670 3040 1944
Thorium 1750 3180 2022
Platinum 1770 3220 2044
Zirconium 1854 3369 2127
Chromium 1860 3380 2133
Vanadium 1900 3452 2173
Rhodium 1965 3569 2238
Niobium (Columbium) 2470 4473 2740
Ruthenium 2482 4500 2755
Molybdenum 2620 4750 2894
Tantalum 2980 5400 3255
Osmium 3025 5477 3298
Rhenium 3186 5767 3459
Tungsten 3400 6150 3672

 

Conclusion

 

Wherever you go for the metal hustle, one thing is necessary— 100% original metal. No matter if your supplier is from China or the USA, make sure the quality is exceptional. 

 

Do you want to buy metals? 

 

Just rely on HXSCO, a dedicated metal supplier around the globe. You get access to superior quality metals with guaranteed long life. No worries because we treat you as our unique client. So, choose us now!