What Is Aluminum’s Melting Point

Introduction

Aluminum metal has revolutionized the metal industry. Do you know why? Because of the endless benefits and properties of shaping and manufacturing many materials. Above all, there is no risk of corrosion, unlike with iron or other metals. 

 

Sometimes, it is 100% necessary to know the aluminum metal melting point. In this guide, we will discuss all the Aluminum alloys and describe the temperature for melting aluminum. 

 

Let’s have a detailed discussion. 

 

What is the Melting point? 

The Melting Point Of Aluminum

A metal is most often in a solid state. At this point, it is tough to change its form and shape it into other materials. The melting point is the temperature that helps convert the solid metal into liquid form. 

 

Whenever the melting temperature reaches, the solid becomes liquid. Every solid item produced by nature has a specific melting point upon which it gets converted into liquid form. 

What temp does aluminum melt? 

Aluminum is a rigid metal. That is why it has a higher melting point. In its pure form, aluminum’s melting point is 660.32 degrees Celsius( 1220.58°). In contrast, the boiling temperature of aluminum is 2467.

 

On the other hand, aluminum oxide has a very high melting point of up to 2000 degrees. 

 

Today, in industry, the melting point of metals is very critical. However, aluminum is almost always mixed with alloys. Metal engineers create aluminum metal alloys to change their melting and boiling points. The difference in alloy composition results in a different melting point than pure aluminum.

 

We will discuss the alloys in detail. 

What is the Melting Point of Aluminum Alloys?

Aluminum alloys include wrought alloys and cast alloys. Most aluminum alloys have a melting point range rather than a fixed melting point.

Wrought Alloys

Aluminum has various wrought alloys. Their melting points are different from Pure aluminum. 

 

Here are different types of aluminum alloys with a temperature for melting aluminum. 

Aluminum Alloy Melting Range
2024 aluminum alloy 500-635°C

935-1180°F

3003 aluminum alloy 640-655°C

1190-1210°F

5052 aluminum alloy 605-650°C

1125-1200°F

6061 aluminum alloy 580-650°C

1080-1205°F

7075 aluminum alloy 475-635°C

890-1175 °F

  • 2024 aluminum alloy

2024 alloy is very popular because of its use in the aircraft industry. Most parts of the pistons and cylinders are made of it. 

 

Its melting temperature is 500-635 degrees Celsius. In terms of the Fahrenheit Scale, it is 935-1180 degrees Fahrenheit. Technically, it has an Aluminum metal melting point less than the pure aluminum. 

 

The following applications are: 

 

  • High-strength structural applications
  • Aircraft wings
  • Gears and shafts
  • Cylinders and pistons

 

  • 3003 aluminum alloy

The Melting Point Of Aluminum

3003 alloy of aluminum is famous for its use in various industries. Its melting temperature is near pure aluminum, and it has a very high strength compared to other metal alloys. 

 

Its melting temperature is 1190-1210 degrees Fahrenheit. In the Celsius scale, it is 640-655 degrees Celsius

 

It is used for the following applications. 

 

  • Truck and Trailer parts and cabinets
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Fuel tanks and piping
  • Chemical equipment

 

  • 5052 aluminum alloy

If you wish to use Aluminum in the Hydraulic system, 5052 aluminum alloy has been a top choice for decades. It is because of its high strength and properties useful for heavy hydraulic systems. 

 

Its melting point is 605-650 on the Celsius scale and 1125 to 1200 on the Fahrenheit scale. Aluminum metal melting point applications include: 

 

  • Pressure vessels
  • Fencing
  • Appliances
  • Marine equipment
  • Hydraulic tubes

 

  • 6061 aluminum alloy

6061 is another Aluminum metal melting temperature alloy with different physical and temperature properties. Because of its strength and robust nature, manufacturers often use it in building materials. 

 

The melting temperature ranges from 580 to 650 degrees Celsius. On the Fahrenheit scale, it is 1080 to 1205 degrees

 

At the Aluminum Metal melting point, it has the following applications. 

 

  • Automotive parts
  • Building products
  • Furniture, 
  • Bicycle frames
  • Railroad cars
  • Piping

 

  • 7075 aluminum alloy

7075 has the lowest melting points compared to other wrought aluminum alloys. It has a melting temperature range of 475 to 635 degrees Celsius and 890 to 1175 degrees Fahrenheit

 

Due to its low melting point,  it is helpful for aircraft and gearing products. Here is a quick overview of aluminum metal melting point applications. 

 

  • Missile parts
  • Aircraft wings
  • Gears and shafts
  • Worm gears

 

Cast Alloys

 

Experts make Cast alloys from aluminum by melting it at temperature Aluminum melts. 

 

You can get the following aluminum alloys. 

Aluminum Alloy Melting Range
A360 aluminum alloy 557-596°C

1030-1100°F

A380 aluminum alloy 538-593°C

1000-1100°F

A413 aluminum alloy 574-582°C

1070-1080°F

B390 aluminum alloy 510-649°C

950-1200°F

  • A360 aluminum alloy

The Melting Point Of Aluminum

A360 is a cast alloy of Aluminum with a varying range of temperatures. It has applications in various tools, gears, and irrigation systems. 

 

Its melting temperature is 1030 to 1100 degrees Fahrenheit or 557-596 degrees Celsius

 

The application range at the Aluminium metal melting point temperature is: 

 

  • Irrigation system
  • Instrument cases
  • Irrigation system parts
  • Outboard motor parts
  • Hinges

 

  • A380 aluminum alloy

A popularly known aluminum alloy with household applications is the A380. This cast alloy has a lower melting point temp and a range of applications in the industry. 

 

Its melting temperature is 1000 to 1100 degrees Fahrenheit or 538-593 degrees Celsius.

 

The application range at the Aluminium metal melting point temperature is:

 

  • Gear cases
  • Workbench vises and other hand tools
  • Lawnmower housings

 

  • A413 aluminum alloy

A413 is another metal coming up with a varying range of melting temperatures. Moreover, like other metal alloys, it is a bit different in features. Therefore, its uses are different industries. 

 

Its melting temperature is 1070 to 1080 degrees Fahrenheit or 574-582 degrees Celsius.

 

The application range at the Aluminium metal melting point temperature is:

 

  • Outboard motor pistons
  • Dental equipment
  • Street lamp housings

 

  • B390 aluminum alloy

B390 has been very prevalent for its use in the brake industry. Automotive uses have made it a renowned alloy. Its melting temperature has a high range. 

 

Its melting temperature is 950 to 1200 degrees Fahrenheit or 510-649 degrees Celsius.

 

The application range at the Aluminium metal melting point temperature is:

 

  • Cylinder heads for internal combustion engines
  • Pistons
  • Blocks
  • Manifolds
  • Brake cylinders

 

Why is the Aluminum Melting point essential to know? 

 

Sometimes, the metal workers want to know the impurities. Since the aluminum metal melting point is a physical property, it will show the amount of impurities. 

 

For instance, pure aluminum melt temp is 660 degrees Celsius. In the case of impurities, it will either increase or decrease. The result will be quickly melting. That is how the metal workers estimate the purity. One more thing is the nature of the application in which you are going to use Aluminum. 

 

Sometimes, aluminum alloys work perfectly. Melting temperature will determine whether it is pure aluminum or which alloy you are holding in your hands. 

 

Factors that affect the Aluminum metal melting point

Aluminum melt temp depends mainly on the components. For instance, if you have pure aluminum, it will have a different melting point. In the case of a covalent bond, it will need more energy to break the molecules. Therefore, the melting temperature will be higher. 

 

Here are some of the critical features of the aluminum metal melting point. 

  • Alloy compound

Alloy is the combination of multiple metals. Aluminum has alloys with other metals, such as copper, magnesium, etc. 

 

The sole reason behind doing so is to increase the features and get the desired results from the metal. 

 

Does it impact the melting point? 

 

Yes. Alloy compounds might have a high or sometimes low Aluminum melt temp compared to pure metal. So, alloy compounds are one of the massive factors affecting melting points. 

 

  • Chemical impurities

 

Alloy is sometimes deemed as an impurity since pure aluminum is not there. But it is not an impurity because an impurity is: 

 

A metal or particles present in the compositions that are not essential. 

 

In contrast, alloys have metals that are intended. Most often, chemical impurities do a phenomenon called melting point depression. Impurities decrease the melting points. Any melting point changes over 41 degrees Fahrenheit depression indicates the chemical impurities. 

 

Contamination during casting and melting of the aluminum can occur. Therefore, sometimes Aluminum has a lower melting point due to impurities. 

 

  • Bond among molecule 

 

Whatever metal or alloy you have in your hand has bonds among the molecules holding it together. Sometimes, it can be an ionic bond and a covalent bond. 

 

So, what bond is the strongest? 

 

A covalent bond has the maximum strength and requires more energy to break. That means if molecules have a covalent bond, it will require more energy to break and melt them. So, the bond is an influencing factor for the melting point. 

  • Force of Attraction

The force of attraction between the molecules also increases the melting temperature. If the force of attraction is high, aluminum will have a high melting temperature. 

 

Aluminum has a polar bond increases the melting point to 660 degrees Celsius

  • Pressure

Pressure application is quite common in metal fabrication. It can impact the melting point. A pressure of up to 3500 gigapascals can increase the melting point. 

 

If you cross this pressure range, the melting point will drop and lead to lower melting points. 

 

Endnote

Aluminum is a very effective tool if you use it correctly. Work with top aluminum material suppliers and turn heads to the discounts. 

 

Do you want the best aluminum metal material? 

 

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